An echocardiogram (echo) is a type of ultrasound test that produces an image of your heart. An echocardiogram generally is used to evaluate heart wall thickness and motion, as well as the structure and function of the heart valves.

The three different types of echocardiograms are:

  • Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) is the most commonly used echocardiogram. Views of the heart are secured by moving the transducer to various locations on the chest or abdominal wall.
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE). For TEE, the transducer is passed down the esophagus and usually shows clearer pictures of your heart. For your comfort, a sedative and an anesthetic are applied to the throat during this exam.
  • Stress echocardiogram involves a transthoracic echocardiogram both before and after your heart is stressed.

For more information on echocardiograms and about your hear, please visit our Heart Center.

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